Nonya B's Road to Lisp
The Road to Lisp Questions I, Nonya B, do solemnly offer these responses to The Road to Lisp Survey:

When did you first try Lisp seriously?

I started reading lisp books about two years ago. I've experimented with lisp, although I've never done anything "serious".
Switch Date 2001

Which Lisp did you try?

CMUCL within emacs and ilisp.

What let you to try Lisp?

I'm a long time emacs user. I have built some[1] emacs extensions and enjoyed interacting with elisp. I found making incremental changes and immediately testing them both enjoyable and productive.

Two books also motivated me to learn lisp. "The Pragmatic Programmer" by Hunt and Thomas - a "mom and apple pie" book - recommends learning a new language a year. I also picked up Graham's "OnLisp" and loved it; apart from explaining why macros are so powerful, it's a good read.
[1] (in my ~/emacs directory: cat *.el | grep def | wc returns 157)
RtL Emacs Elisp | RtL Language Curiosity | RtL Paul Graham
If you were trying Lisp out of unhappiness with another language, what was it and what did you not like about it, or what about Lisp were you hoping to find different?

I did not come to Lisp from unhappiness. I spend most of my day programming C++. I *enjoy* working with C++. However, you asked what I don't like about it. Here's some off the top of my head:

  • No Multimethods. Stroustrup considered this. The syntax was something like: void foo(virtual bar& b,virtual baz& bb) or somesuch. It was rejected because it made the linker too complex. I did implement double-dispatch to implement the visitor pattern. However, it isn't nearly as nice as built in multimethods.

  • I would like to see better macro support in C++. One idea would be to allow a user to manipulate a complier's parse tree (see OpenC++ for an implementation.)

  • Metaobject Protocol: Even very simple things like a 'typeof' operator would be very useful. The typical argument for typeof goes something like template typeof(a+b) operator+(T1 a,T2 b); Again, see OpenC++ for a metaobject protocol for C++.

  • Let me overload the '.' operator. This makes the decorator pattern more practical. I believe this was once part of C with classes, but was removed because no one but Stroustrup was using it.

  • I would love to have a mode that allowed me to interact with my code, make small changes, and immediately see how the change impacts my system. Of course, this is where Lisp's wins big.
What other languages did you look at besides Lisp, and what did you think of them?

I am interpreting this question to mean "What languages have you learned that you thought were interesting, but you didn't have an immediate use for."

  1. J. This is an array-oriented language by Ken Iverson (of apl fame) and Roger Hui (programming wizard). J is great. The interaction language of my current project - an image processing spreadsheet - is called 'I' and it borrows heavily from J (although phrases are parsed left to right instead of J's right to left - and please don't write to tell me why right to left is superior; I do understand the arguments).

  2. Ruby. This is a nice clean language. The 'yield' statement is well done. However, I already know both Perl and Python, and although I read the Ruby book by Thomas and Hunt I don't see it as worth switching.

  3. Python. Python's big win is it's ability to be embedded its interpreter. The boost python library makes embedding python in C++ trivial. In my opinion, embedding is python's big win.

How far have you gotten in your study of Lisp?

I've ready several good books (I've actually read more about Lisp than I've programmed).

  • I've read Graham's OnLisp and Ansi Common Lisp cover to cover.
  • I've read most of Kiczale's "The Art of the Metaobject Protocol"
  • I've read most of Norvig's "Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Programming"
What do you think of Lisp so far?
  • Macros are unbelievably powerful. As an example, in my image spreadsheet, I tell Lisp about what functions are available in the application through the socket. I then have lisp build macros that can be used to send messages to the spreadsheet. But wait, there's more! Suppose I have the following code fragment:

;; load an eroded image in cell 0 0
(setg (gref 0 0)
  (erode-image (load-image "/home/swd/micro_photos/DSCN4831.JPG"))

'setg' 'gref' 'erode-image' and 'load-image' are all macros that build message to be sent to the spreadsheet. However, the macros are built such that the message isn't sent until the "root" of the expression is reached. I'm not explaining this well, so let's look at some code. Here's a function that builds my macros:

(defun define-grid-bridge-function (grid-function stream)
  (let* ((name (grid-function-name grid-function))
	 (param-list-names
	  ;; first param is return, so ignore it
	  (rest (map 'list #'grid-function-parameter-name
				(grid-function-parameters grid-function)))))
    (eval
     `(defmacro ,(string-no-delims name)
	,(append
	  (mapcar #'string-no-delims param-list-names)
	  '(&optional is-param))
	`(progn
	   (convert-op ,',stream ,',name)
	   ,,@(convert-params-for-bridge-function param-list-names 
						  stream)
	   (format ,',stream ")")
	   (unless ,is-param (finish-command ,',stream)))))))
The interesting thing to look at is the is-param parameter. This is false if the expression is at the 'root' - not a parameter to another function. When this is not a parameter, the entire message is sent. Something like that is impossible to do in any other language I know[3].

  • CLOS is amazing. Around methods, multimethods.

  • Interacting with lisp is great.

    Wish list:

    Allow me to easily embed lisp in a C++ app. Let the C++ app drive.

    [3] I just chased someone away from lisp with that code, didn't I? Maybe I shouldn't include something so unreadable. Maybe it's hard to read that function in Lisp, but the point is it can't even be done in another language! And I'm a novice - there may be a more readable way to express this function.